Cyprus Journal of Science and Technology Vol. 3.1 (2000)


List of Abstracts

L.I. Filippov, S.M. Smolskiy

Scientific Research and Dissertation as a Regular Process

The paper is devoted to reviewing a procedure of research. Classifying research in three types, the authors look into a scientific research and analyze logical algorithms. The approach is constructive and the authors stress, especially, the practical aspect. The paper is addressed mainly of all to researchers, to students of Master and PhD courses.

Christodoulos N. Christodoulou

Hi-Tech Permanent Magnets and Modern Technology

Magnets attract little attention but a quiet revolution is under way, with new materials providing greater magnetic power in smaller packages, in that way opening the ground for modern technology. Extensive research on rare-earth metals fueled the discovery of the neodymium magnet, a magnet without cobalt and composed of iron, neodymium and boron. The minerals in neodymium magnets are relatively inexpensive and abundant in supply; but more importantly, neodymium magnets are ten times more powerful than ferrite magnets and more than one hundred times more powerful than the steel magnets of the last century. Despite various shortcomings, neodymium magnets’ higher coercivity and energy product, has led to major technological advances in electric motors, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems and other new applications unthinkable in the absence of them.

John Mylonakis, George Vlachos

Passengers Behaviour and Decisions of a Coastal Enterprise. A Marketing-Oriented Approach

Profound trends in shipping liberalization and trade globalization of the world economy are having a significant impact in international marine transport with long term effects difficult to predict. All studies in maritime economics show the dynamics and the possible shortfalls of the shipping industry, neglecting the subject of all those activities: the customer, either as individual person or as trade company. The subject of consumer behaviour is key to the underpinning of all marketing activity which is carried out to develop, promote and sell (shipping) products and services. The key to success in customer care lies in full knowledge of the needs, expectations and attitudes of customers. To what extent are shipping companies familiar with the discovering and understanding of the behaviour of their customers and their people aware and ready to apply marketing-oriented policies? Each marketer in the shipping industry must start to review relevant existing information or research data concerning customers and customer satisfaction. The scope of this article is not to present, once more, the theory of consumer behaviour, but out of academic studies and following marketing concepts to prove the importance of customer behaviour in the shipping industry, particularly by the way the consumer is perceiving, selecting or rejecting shipping services.

John Mylonakis, George Vlachos

The Specialised Market of Coastal Shipping (Passenger Ships and Ferry Vessels) and its Service Marketing Implications

Studies on marine transport services have been extensively preoccupied by technical aspects, technical performance, operational costs and operational efficiency. Today, we are facing a transition of shipping services, as happened in the past to other sectors, from product and cost-orientation to customer and market-orientation. Therefore, an application of the marketing philosophy and functions seem to be needed by the shipping companies, either they perform in the consumer services or in the business-to-business sector. As the shipping product is a multi-faceted activity and a geographically complex one, a marketing oriented shipping company must draw its attention to four integrated parts to meet the marketing process: the consumer, the market segments, the destination as the main product, the distribution places, the pricing and its communication policies. The present article examines the interrelationships of the coastal sector with the marine services offered to consumers viewed by marketing concepts. In the long-term what matters more is the customer satisfaction and not the final product itself.

C. Damianou

MR Gradient Echo Signal Intensity Sensitivity to Temperature for Rabbit and Dog Tissues in Vitro

The sensitivity of MR signal intensity with temperature was studied in rabbit and dog tissues (muscle, liver, kidney, fat, and bone) using the GRASS pulse sequence. The sensitivity was evaluated by elevating the temperature using a water bath and using a focused ultrasound system. The average sensitivity for all tissues (in both rabbit and dog) varied from 1.07-1.95%/°C. The variability from animal to animal in some tissues was significant and, thus, at this stage this pulse sequence, does not give adequate temperature accuracy for controlling hyperthemia treatments. However, it can be well used to indicate the location of the focal spot during noninvasive ultrasound surgery.

Vsevolod Levtchitch, Ahmad Al-Hassan

Empirical Methods for the Assessment of Vibration Periods of Buildings

Simplified methods for various structural types of buildings and engineering structures used in different countries are presented and analysed. Applicability limitations are specified. Correlations between simplified empirical and more rigorous methods of analyses are considered. Observational data, test findings and results of analytical evaluations are used for the verifications, modifications and new proposals. A limited available feedback about the factual performance is discussed.

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